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Maryland's Chesapeake Bay has 1,726 square miles of water. Famous Facts About Maryland. Maryland is named after a queen […] The climate in the Maryland Colony was much warmer than in the New England and Middle Colonies. It was the first settlement in the New World to guarantee religious freedom for all Trinitarian Christians. Keep watching and subscribe, as more states will follow! Although the settlers in the Maryland Colony grew a variety of crops, the major export was tobacco. In 1700 there were about 25,000 people and by 1750 that had grown more than 5 times to 130,000. Facts about The Colony Of Maryland Cecil Calvert, 2nd Lord of Baltimore, founded Maryland in 1632. In 1776 the Maryland Colony signed the Declaration of Independence. Finding the laws against the Roman Catholics in England severe, he resolved Some men were hunters, traders, slave traders, and fur traders. The U.S. Interesting Maryland Colony Facts: The Maryland Colony’s original name was the Province of Maryland. (13 Colonies > Maryland Colony ) This generator generates a random fact from a large database on a chosen topic everytime you visit this page. One of the original 13 colonies, Maryland lies at the center of the Eastern Seaboard, amid the great commercial and population complex that stretches from Maine to Virginia. Some parts of daily life were remarkably different, such as the clothing Maryland citizens wore and their modes of commuting and transportation. Maryland planters also made great use of the indentured servants and penal labor. The Maryland Colony was one of the original 13 colonies located on the Atlantic coast of North America. The early settlements in the Maryland Colony often clustered around its rivers and waterways, in particular those that emptied into Chesapeake Bay. Following the Protestant Reformation, Europe experienced a series of religious wars in the 16th and 17th centuries. Maryland is one of the smallest states in the United States, covering only 12,407 sq miles. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. Lord Baltimore actually lost his proprietary rights and it was some time before his family was able to regain control of Maryland. Although the charter had been originally issued to George Calvert, 1. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Maryland - Maryland - The colony: In 1608 the English explorer Capt. Fast Facts: Maryland Colony . Interesting Maryland Facts: One belief is that Maryland's name was chosen to honor King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. The Maryland Colony was one of America's first original 13 colonies. Martin Kelly, M.A., is a history teacher and curriculum developer. She lives in Baltimore, Maryland. The Province of Maryland was an English and later British colony in North America that existed from 1632 until 1776, when it joined the other twelve of the Thirteen Colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of Maryland. Even though Maryland is a small state it has great skiing resorts AND beach resorts. In 1649, Maryland passed the Maryland Toleration Act, the first law in the New World designed to encourage religious tolerance. The state’s capital is Annapolis. Maryland developed into a plantation colony by the 18th century. Many men of Maryland Colony are farmers and mostly they plant tobbaco. Sir Anthony Van Dyck's painting of King Charles I and Queen Henrietta Maria. The Maryland Colony was the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation, which it did in 1781. Maryland … There are only eight other states in the USA that are smaller than Maryland. The Maryland Colony's original name was the Province of Maryland. 1695 - Annapolis is made the capital city. Some were shipbuilders, fishermen, lumbering, shipping, and slave buyers. Major cities in the Maryland Colony included Baltimore and Annapolis. Maryland . Livestock was also commonly raised in the Maryland Colony. The Maryland Colony was founded as a refuge for English Catholics. The Maryland Colony was named after King Charles I's wife Queen Henrietta Maria. The Maryland Colony was one of the Southern Colonies which also included the Virginia Colony, the North Colony, the South Carolina Colony, and the Georgia Colony. [6] Maryland's founding father was British colonist George Calvert, known as First Baron Baltimore. Since their main reason of establishing the colony was for freedom to practice Catholicism, their religion was predominantly Catholic. The 13 original colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. The other belief is that the name was chosen in honor of Jesus Christ's mother Mary. What are facts about Maryland colony? The recorded history of Maryland dates back to the beginning of European exploration, starting with the Venetian John Cabot, who explored the coast of North America for the Kingdom of England in 1498. The Maryland Colony's first settlement was St. Mary's City, which was built along the Chesapeake Bay. Maryland's capital city is Annapolis, and its largest city is Baltimore. Like other settlements in the New World, the Maryland Colony was established as a religious refuge. The colony was established by Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore (also known as Lord Baltimore), who also governed the Colony of Newfoundland and the Province of Avalon. With reference to the countryside around the bay, Smith exclaimed, “Heaven and earth seemed never to have agreed better to frame a place for man’s habitation.” What Happened to the Lost Colony of Roanoke? Over the next 15 years, the number of Protestant settlers steadily increased, and there was fear that religious liberty would be taken away from the Catholic population. We’re aware that … There are 703 square miles of inland water in Maryland. 1729 - The city of Baltimore is founded. She was the first female licensed as a printer in the colonies. Multiple categories are supported. Maryland's northern border was established after a legal dispute which resulted in the Mason-Dixon Line in 1763. … Libby Zay. That same year, Lord Baltimore died, and the charter was given to his son, Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. It is approximately half that today. He also wished to found the colony for economic gain. Founded: 1633 by Lord Baltimore and others, at Baltimore Major Industry: Manufacturing (shipbuilding, iron works), Agriculture (corn, wheat, rice, indigo) Major Cities: Baltimore, Annapolis. When he died, his wife Diana inherited the business. 12 Things You Probably Didn’t Know About The State Of Maryland. The colony of Maryland was founded by Sir George Calvert, also known as Lord Baltimore, in 1632. Maryland Colony Facts. Check out this list full of things you may not have known about the state of Maryland. A historical marker for the Mason–Dixon Line. 1664 - A law is passed allowing slavery in Maryland. 1632 - The royal charter for the colony of Maryland is granted to George Calvert. In England, Catholics faced widespread discrimination; for example, they were not allowed to hold public office, and in 1666 they were blamed for the Great Fire of London. Maryland was the first state to designate a state exercise: walking. The Act of Toleration was passed in 1649 by Governor William Stone to protect those who believed in Jesus Christ. Maryland is bordered by four other states in the USA. The founding of Maryland marks the beginning of a new plan in colony building in North America. Maryland Colony Facts: Pre-Revolution. The Province of Maryland—also known as the Maryland Colony—was founded in 1632 as a safe haven for English Catholics fleeing anti-Catholic persecution in Europe. The Maryland Colony became a state on April 28. Its first settlement and capital was St. Mary's City, in the southern end of St. Mary's County, which is a peninsula in the Chesapeake Bay and is also bordered by four tidal … Maryland's signers included Samuel Chase, William Paca, Charles Carroll, and Thomas Stone. Charles I, for his part, was to be given a share of the income that the new colony created. Of Catholics into Baltimore, Maryland the Chesapeake Bay check out this full... 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